Country Director, Haiti
In Haiti, households rely almost exclusively on wood and charcoal to meet their cooking energy needs.
This reliance comes with severe impacts on health, the climate, and the environment. CCA’s Haiti Cookstoves and Clean Energy Market Project, funded by Global Affairs Canada, will set the foundation for a long-term, sustainable market transformation for cleaner and more efficient cooking solutions.
In 2017, almost 7,000 deaths in Haiti were attributed to household air pollution from solid fuel use, making it the country’s fifth largest risk factor for mortality (IHME, 2019).
Moreover, harvesting wood for household cooking (both for fuelwood and for charcoal production) in Haiti contributes to some 302,000 tons of woody biomass loss every year (Ghilardi, Tarter, & Bailis, 2018). Haiti’s annual greenhouse gas emissions from cooking are estimated at 3.3 million metric tons of CO2e at point of use. At the same time, around 200,000 Haitians are employed in the charcoal business – the country’s second-largest agricultural value chain (Tarter et al., 2018) – making for a complex energy landscape.
“Through my experiences in Haiti, I’ve seen first-hand how clean cookstoves can make an impact in people’s lives. It’s what led me to also get involved in the Clean Cooking Alliance.”Chef José AndrésCCA Champion
The Haiti Cookstoves and Clean Energy Market Project comprises a combination of sector-wide, market development activities to increase the sales of cleaner and more efficient cookstoves and fuels by Haitian businesses.
It will also drive consumer demand for clean cooking solutions and advance policy and advocacy to enable the continued growth of the clean cookstoves and fuels market. This Project will reduce biomass use by an estimated 1.2 million metric tons (including reducing charcoal use by 251,000 metric tons), and avoid greenhouse gas emissions equal to 160,000 metric tons of CO2e. Based on the estimated increase in the adoption of cleaner cooking options, 12,400 disability-adjusted life years would be averted by the project’s end.
The Project is funded by CAN $20 million from the Government of Canada and is expected to run from 2018-2022 (with possible extension). CCA works in close collaboration with Haiti’s Ministry of Environment and other governmental entities. Other stakeholders include clean cooking enterprises, civil society organizations, UN agencies, and Global Affairs Canada. CCA’s team in Port-au-Prince leads project implementation, stakeholder engagement, and monitoring and evaluation, while staff in Washington, D.C., support capacity building, market development, technical expertise, and monitoring and evaluation.
CCA’s diverse portfolio of activities in Haiti is grounded in these six fundamentals: