Country Manager, Nepal
In Nepal, approximately 69% of households use biomass fuels and open fire stoves for cooking. This negatively impacts people’s health, contributes to environmental degradation and climate change, and disproportionately impacts women and girls who bear the burden of fuel collection and meal preparation.
To address this problem, the Government of Nepal (GoN) is committed to achieving universal access to clean cooking by 2030. To reach this goal, the GoN has set ambitious targets, including ensuring that 25% of households nationwide adopt electric cooking by 2030. In service of these goals, CCA has worked closely with the GoN since 2018, providing tailored support.
Over three-quarters of the energy consumed by households in Nepal comes from wood, dung, and agricultural residue.
These solid fuels are typically burned inefficiently in traditional open fires or mud stoves, resulting in high-pollutant emissions that worsen air quality inside and outside of homes. In addition to the direct health risks, families spend a significant amount of time collecting fuel – a tedious and time-consuming task that, like air pollution, disproportionately impacts women and young children.
To meet its target of universal access to clean cooking solutions by 2030, the GoN plans to leverage the country’s immense potential for hydroelectric generation. The government’s programs have already led to unprecedented improvement in electricity access throughout the country. However, achieving sustained use of electric cooking also means addressing market and knowledge barriers affecting the uptake and adoption of electric cooking appliances.
“Clean cooking plays a critical role in meeting the Government of Nepal’s ambitious commitments and targets to mitigate climate change and, in parallel, achieve universal energy access. We look forward to supporting CCA and other partners to work together on this critical issue and ensure Nepali citizens have access to clean and affordable cooking options.”Surendra Labh KarnaFormer Member, National Planning Commission
In 2022, in close collaboration with the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) and, subsequently, with the National Planning Commission (NPC), CCA launched the Country Action Plan (CAP) for Transforming the Cookstoves and Fuels Market in Nepal.
The CAP provides the GoN with a clear, strategic, and evidence-based roadmap with an actionable list of prioritized interventions to support Nepal’s energy access goals, especially those related to the promotion of electric cooking. CCA has worked extensively with the AEPC and NPC to ensure that the CAP is (i) aligned with the GoN’s goal and activities; (ii) integrated into the national energy agenda; and (iii) tailored to Nepal’s context. Once the AEPC board approves the CAP, the GoN will use it to help achieve its clean cooking goals.
In 2023, CCA continues collaborating with the AEPC and NPC to define the mechanism for effective coordination and cooperation among key stakeholders in the clean cooking sector and provide the framework for CAP implementation.
This work is complemented by other CCA-led initiatives, including the Clean Cooking Explorer. Launched in May 2022, this online, open-source, and interactive platform integrates and supports the analysis of geospatial datasets to catalyze evidence-based clean cooking planning. CCA is currently working to integrate the Clean Cooking Explorer with WRI’s Energy Access Explorer and initiate a Nepal Energy Geographic Information System Working Group. The Clean Cooking Explorer will support CAP implementation by providing relevant data for decision-making around clean cooking programs.
In addition, CCA continues to build on its work helping the GoN develop a national standard for electric cooking, which applies to imported and locally manufactured induction stoves and hot plates. Currently, efforts are underway to develop standards for additional technologies, namely infrared cooktops and electric pressure cookers.
Read more about CCA’s activities in Nepal.
“The AEPC looks forward to a strong collaboration with CCA and other partners toward CAP implementation and achieving the goals set by the Government of Nepal on clean cooking for long-term environmental, climate, livelihoods, and health impacts.”Madhusudhan AdhikariFormer Executive Director, AEPC
In 2022, CCA and the AEPC launched the Country Action Plan (CAP) for Transforming the Cookstoves and Fuels Market in Nepal to support Nepal’s energy access goals. The CAP provides the GoN with a clear, strategic, and evidence-based roadmap with an actionable list of prioritized interventions to support Nepal’s energy access goals, especially those related to the promotion of electric cooking.
CCA and the AEPC developed the CAP based on a rigorous methodology, consultations with partners, key insights from CCA-commissioned foundational research, and various activities by partner organizations in Nepal.
CCA has worked extensively with the AEPC and, subsequently, with the NPC to ensure that the CAP is (i) aligned with the GoN’s goal and activities; (ii) integrated into the national energy agenda; and (iii) tailored to Nepal’s context. Moreover, CCA presented the CAP draft to key stakeholders, including provincial and local governments, to gain feedback and buy-in. Once the AEPC board approves the CAP, the GoN will use it to help achieve its clean cooking goals.