Country Manager, Nepal
More than 60% of households in Nepal rely on fuelwood and traditional or chimney mud stoves to satisfy daily cooking needs. Emissions from these sources have led to high levels of indoor and outdoor air pollution, making household air pollution the third leading cause of early mortality and years of lost life in Nepal.
To address this problem, the government of Nepal aims to achieve universal access to electricity and electricity-based cooking by 2030. At the government’s request, CCA is leading the development of a Country Action Plan for Transforming the Cookstoves and Fuels Market in Nepal.
Over three-quarters of the energy consumed by households in Nepal comes from wood, dung, and agricultural residue.
These solid fuels are typically burned inefficiently in traditional open fires or mud stoves, resulting in high-pollutant emissions that worsen air quality inside and outside of homes. In addition to the direct health risks, families spend a significant amount of time collecting fuel – a tedious and time-consuming task that, like air pollution, disproportionately impacts women and young children.
To meet its target of universal access to clean cooking solutions by 2030, the government of Nepal plans to leverage the country’s immense potential for hydroelectric generation. The government’s programs have already led to unprecedented improvement in electricity access throughout the country. However, achieving sustained use of electric cooking also means addressing market and knowledge barriers affecting the uptake and adoption of electric cooking appliances.
“The Government of Nepal is deeply committed to achieving universal access to clean cooking by 2030. Thanks to tools like the Clean Cooking Explorer, there will be an evidence-based path to accelerating a national transition to clean cooking in Nepal.”Madhusudhan AdhikariExecutive Director of Nepal’s Alternative Energy Promotion Center
CCA recognizes Nepal’s commitment to clean cooking as an important opportunity. The development of a clearly defined and evidence-based Country Action Plan will prioritize strategic activities essential to scaling up the adoption of clean cooking.
The Country Action Plan will be informed by key results and insights from the Health Demonstration Project, CCA-commissioned foundational research conducted in 2020-21, and various research activities by partner organizations in Nepal. The Country Action Plan will provide the Government of Nepal (GoN) with a clear direction regarding specific activities, associated targets, and timeframes. The plan will provide a holistic guide on steps forward for the next five years to strengthen the supply of clean cooking, expand demand generating efforts, and support the GoN in executing a large-scale clean cooking effort in Nepal. The plan will highlight the strengths of stakeholders and support work across sectoral boundaries to push for an integrated approach. CCA expects to complete the Country Action Plan in 2021, and is playing a central role in coordinating with the government of Nepal and in-country partners working on energy access.
CCA is also developing an online, open-source, and interactive geospatial data platform called the Clean Cooking Explorer. This platform will enable users to visualize, interpret, and analyze geospatial datasets, such as location-specific data on demographics, access to cooking fuels, supply infrastructure, and more. The tool will empower users to leverage optimal technology mixes for specific regions based on existing and potential demand and supply trends. Using Nepal as a test case, this effort will demonstrate how spatial data, a tool used for other integrated energy planning, can accelerate national-level transitions to clean cooking in other countries as well.