Respiratory risks from household air pollution in low and middle income countries
In this study, researchers review evidence for the association between household air pollution and respiratory infections, respiratory tract cancers, and chronic lung diseases. The study reviews appropriate ways to measure exposure to household air pollution, and examines design issues and potential effective interventions to prevent respiratory diseases. Exposure to household air pollution varies by age, gender, geography, and household role, and women and children are particularly susceptible to the toxic effects of pollution and are exposed to the highest concentrations of pollutants. Energy-based interventions should target these high-risk groups in order to most effectively protect human health.