Landscape Analysis of Modern Energy Cooking in Displacement Settings
Cooking safely and sustainably in forced displacement settings is an enduring energy challenge in the humanitarian sector. There were an estimated 79.5 million forcibly displaced people globally at the end of 2019, with approximately 26 million refugees, 46 million internally displaced people (IDPs), 4.2 million stateless people, and 4 million asylum seekers living in urban, peri-urban, rural and camp areas. Exact proportions in each category are not clear but in 2019 an estimated 2 out of 3 IDPs and 60% of refugees were in urban or semi-urban areas. Facilitating transitions to modern energy cooking (i.e. cooking with electricity or gas) for all displacement settings is complex and requires multi-pronged and multi-sectoral approaches.
The landscape report identifies a diversity of settings – rural areas and camps, and urban and peri-urban, acknowledging that the distinction between rural and peri-urban is often blurred and that this is not a binary cluster but a spectrum of settings and experiences.