Public Investment Cases for Clean Cooking: Nairobi, Kenya and Kathmandu, Nepal
In 2020, CCA and Duke University finalized an urban cost-benefit and policy analysis applied in Nairobi, Kenya and Kathmandu, Nepal. For each location, the analysis modeled partial uptake and use of cleaner cooking choices and the corresponding net benefits of each transition. The interventions include stove subsidy, combined stove and fuel subsidy, combined stove subsidy and financing, combined stove subsidy and behavior change communication, and lastly, a polluting fuel ban. This work is meant to inform policymakers about the relative merits of different strategies for accelerating clean cooking transitions in the two cities by providing a quantitative comparison of the costs and impacts of different policy options, which hasn’t previously been modeled at a local level. In both cities combined stove financing and subsidy was found to be beneficial for many stove/fuel transitions; further details provide a menu of options based on policy-maker priorities.